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; see other names) is a city in southeastern Latvia, located on the banks of the Daugava River, from which the city gets its name. It is the second largest city in the country after the capital Riga, which is located some 230 kilometres (143 miles) to its north-west.
Daugavpils is located relatively close to Belarus and Lithuania (distances of 33 km (21 mi) and 25 km (16 mi) respectively), and some 120 km (75 mi) from the Latvian border with Russia.
It is also known for its overwhelmingly Russian-speaking population.
The town's history began in 1275 when the Livonian Order built Dünaburg castle 20 km (12 mi) up the Daugava river from where Daugavpils is now situated.
Daugavpils Theatre was restored a couple of years ago.
There is also one cinema as well as other cultural institutions.
The city exhibition center offers many cultural activities.
Bright examples of brick architecture are the buildings at 1/3 Saules Street and at 8 Muzeja Street.
Daugavpils is one of the few cities in Latvia which can pride itself on a unified ensemble of both classic and eclectic styles.
The cultural heritage of architectural, artistic, industrial, and historical monuments combined with the picturesque surroundings create the essence of Daugavpils’ image and endow it with a special charm.
In 1561 it became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and, subsequently, of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569 (see Duchy of Livonia).
In 1621 Daugavpils became the capital of the newly formed Inflanty Voivodeship, which existed until the First Partition of Poland (1772).